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Study on the Significance of Water Treatment Using Activated Carbon from Palm Bunch Fiber

Nwanzeh Nwanzeh, Virginia Anwulika, Ukpaka Ukpaka, Chukwuemeka Peter


Activated carbon produced from palm bunch fibers was investigated for water treatment with the aim to improve water quality for industrial consumption and not for humans and animal consumption. Dominantly the activated carbon produced from palm bunch fiber was used for treatment of industrial effluent water and the application is environmental friendly. The high alkali concentration in the activated carbon improved the pH level of the treated water from 4.03 to 6.49 as well as reduces the chloride ion, salinity and increased the concentration of the sulphate ion in water. The treated water revealed increase in total hardness of water, total dissolved solids (TDS), electricity conductivity and can be used as an electrolyte. The low porosity value of 0.5 was obtained as well as the bulk density of 0.282 g/ml with low solubility value in water. The activated carbon floats in water due to particles size of >2.80 mm and takes longer time to adsorb water hence pure sand was used to give it some weight for retention, adsorption and filtration. From practical laboratory results obtained it is drawn that the activated carbon from palm bunch fibers contain the ions of K, Na, Ca and Mg. as well as lye which can be used in the production of soap, reduce pollution from aromatic sulfonation reaction and can also be used for bioremediation as a result of oil spillage.


Study, significance, water treatment, activated carbon, palm bunch, fiber

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