Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Botulinum toxin: cosmetic purposes

Peenal Raj


Botulinum toxins are used for curing skin problems and for cosmetic purposes. These are generally called as BTX. It had been used earlier for reducing certain muscle activities which were responsible for aging symptoms. Dr. Alan Scott had started his research in the BTX about 40 years ago. BTX has so many types like A, B, E and F but the type used for cosmetic treatment is type A. BTX type A is used for the treatment of blepharospasm, a physiological condition in which there is recurring closing of the eyelids. The main mechanism lies in the inhibition of release of neurotransmitter, acetylcholine at the junction of nerves and muscles. It also acts at the parasympathetic and sympathetic neurons. It is used in the form of injections and it is effective for about 3 months. The overuse of BTX injections may weaken the adjacent muscles. Botulinum toxin type A is very much needed for future generation because we live in a society where looks matters most of the time rather than knowledge so everyone wants to look younger and smarter than others.

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.