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Assessment on Awareness and Utilization about Contraceptives among Residents of Hibret Kebele in Tepi Town, South West Ethiopia

Abayneh Girma, Eyasu Mekonnen


The study was conducted in Hibret Kebele, Tepi town, southwest Ethiopia with the objective of assessing awareness and utilization about contraceptives among residents. A community based descriptive study was conducted on both males and females of reproductive age group living in the systematically selected house hold from January to May 2018. The data collected through questionnaires and interview was analyzed by using descriptive simple statistics ratio (SSR) such as, frequency and percentage. Ninety six percent of the respondents were aware about modern contraceptive, but, the remaining 4% did not have any information about it. The most utilized method was injectable (70%), followed by pills (12%), Norplant (10%), Condom (6%) and Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) (2%). The source of information about contraceptive for most of the respondents was health center (50%), followed by private clinic (28%), mass media (18%) and friends (4%.) The utilization of contraceptive methods wasn’t sufficient due to desire to get pregnant (50%), fear of side effects (20%), husband disapproval (12%) and religious prohibition (10%). As the result of the study indicated, (76%) of the respondents had a trend of discussing with their sexual partner about contraceptives, whereas, (24%) did not have any. This implied that most of the respondents (64%) were supporting, however, some of them (16%) were against, and 20% was neither of the two. Most (72%) of the respondents were aware about the importance of contraceptive as family planning, (16%) for preventing unwanted pregnancy and abortion, (8%) for preventing Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and (4%) for reducing maternal mortality. The findings of this study showed that majority of the sample population had a good awareness towards contraceptives and the most used method was injectable. Based on the findings of this study, further research on information dissemination and access to modern contraceptive methods were recommended.

Keywords: awareness, contraceptive, utilization
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