Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Assessment on Awareness and Utilization about Contraceptives among Residents of Hibret Kebele in Tepi Town, South West Ethiopia

Abayneh Girma, Eyasu Mekonnen

Abstract


The study was conducted in Hibret Kebele, Tepi town, southwest Ethiopia with the objective of assessing awareness and utilization about contraceptives among residents. A community based descriptive study was conducted on both males and females of reproductive age group living in the systematically selected house hold from January to May 2018. The data collected through questionnaires and interview was analyzed by using descriptive simple statistics ratio (SSR) such as, frequency and percentage. Ninety six percent of the respondents were aware about modern contraceptive, but, the remaining 4% did not have any information about it. The most utilized method was injectable (70%), followed by pills (12%), Norplant (10%), Condom (6%) and Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) (2%). The source of information about contraceptive for most of the respondents was health center (50%), followed by private clinic (28%), mass media (18%) and friends (4%.) The utilization of contraceptive methods wasn’t sufficient due to desire to get pregnant (50%), fear of side effects (20%), husband disapproval (12%) and religious prohibition (10%). As the result of the study indicated, (76%) of the respondents had a trend of discussing with their sexual partner about contraceptives, whereas, (24%) did not have any. This implied that most of the respondents (64%) were supporting, however, some of them (16%) were against, and 20% was neither of the two. Most (72%) of the respondents were aware about the importance of contraceptive as family planning, (16%) for preventing unwanted pregnancy and abortion, (8%) for preventing Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and (4%) for reducing maternal mortality. The findings of this study showed that majority of the sample population had a good awareness towards contraceptives and the most used method was injectable. Based on the findings of this study, further research on information dissemination and access to modern contraceptive methods were recommended.

Keywords: awareness, contraceptive, utilization
REFERENCES
[1] Alemayehu Adinew. Awareness and utilization of contraceptives among second cycle primary female evening students in Hawassa. Ethiopian Pharmaceutical Journal. 2013; 32 (1): 69p.
[2] Berhun Megabiaw. Awareness and utilization of modern contraceptives among street women in North-West Ethiopia. BMC Women`s Health. 2012; 12: 31p.
[3] Central Statistical Agency (CSA). ICF International: Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 2016
[4] Cunningham FG, Leveno KL, Bloom SL, Hauth J, C, Gilstrap III, L C, Wenstrom, KD. Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy: Introduction. US: McGraw-Hill; 2009.
[5] Central Statistical Agency. Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS). September 2011. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[6] Ewnetu Firdawek, Dayan Aragu, MekdeKonal. Knowledge, attitude and utilization of emergency contraception: across sectional study among female university and college students in Arba Minch Town, SNNPR, and Ethiopia. 2012.
[7] Finber L B. Disparities in rate of unintended pregnancy in US. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2006 Jun; 38 (2): 90-6p.
[8] Hanna Y. Modern contraceptive preference and KAP study among women of reproductive age group, (15–49) in Bihar Dar town. 2011.
[9] sKorra A. Community based family planning services: a performance assessment of the Jimma, FPCBD project. Ethiop J Health Dev. 2009; 11 (1): 17–22p.
[10] Mende Mensa Sorato, Andualem Samuel, Abraham Uliso, Birke Olle, Desalech Dambe, Melkinesh Nigatu. Assessment of modern contraceptive method utilization and associated factors among women of reproductive age group in Arba Minch town, SNNPR, and Ethiopia. EC Gynecology. 2017; 6(2): 36–53p.
[11] Mesfin Tafa Segni, Aman Jima, Ababi Zergaw. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and utilization of emergency contraception among unmarried women of reproductive age in Adama, Ethiopia. Health Science Journal. 2016; 10 (6)
[12] Mohammed A, Zenebe Gezahagn, Melaku Simachew. Determinants of modern contraceptive utilization among married women of reproductive age group in North Showa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Reproductive Health. 2014; 11(13): 1–7p.
[13] Jo Jones et al. Report why a result all woman using contraceptive in US. National Health Statistics. 2010.
[14] Nattabi B, Mombara T, Abudrman G. Family planning among people living with HIV in post-conflict Northern Uganda: A mixed methods study. Conflict and Health. 2011. 5 (18).
[15] Okech T C, Wawire N, Mburu T K. Contraceptive use among women of reproductive age in Kenya`s city Slums. International Journal of Business and social science. 2007; 20(1): 22–43p.
[16] Polisi A, Zeudu G, Bekele A. Modern contraceptive utilization among female ART attendees in health facilities of Gimbie town, West Ethiopia. Reproductive Health. 2014; 11 (30): 1–6p.
[17] Population Reference Bureau, (PRB). World Population Data Sheet. 2011.
[18] Solomon Tejineh, Demeke Assefa, Hailu Fekadu, Mesfin Tafa. Awareness, utilization and barriers to family planning services among female youth students at Assella preparatory school, Ethiopia. Gynecology Obstet (Sunnyvale). 2015; 5(7): 21–33p.
[19] Sufa A, Abera M, AB. Utilization of family planning methods and associated factors among women living with HIV attending ART clinics in Nekemte public health facilities, East Wollega Zone, Ethiopia. Star Journal. 2013; 2(4): 71–77p.
[20] United Nations (UN). World Contraceptive Use. New York: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division; 2007.
[21] World Health Organization (WHO). Maternal Mortality Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, and the World Bank; 2007.
[22] Zenebe K, Mekonnen B. Utilization and associated factors of modern contraceptive among women attending ART clinics in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia scholar’s. Journal of Applied Medical Sciences (SJAMS). 2014; 2(5): 1896–1899p.
[23] Gizaw A and Regassa N. Family planning service utilization in Mojo town, Ethiopia: A Population based study. Journal of Geography and Regional planning. 2011. 4(6): 355–363p.

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.